Missouri Civil War Museum

    Civil War Trivia

    The last public auction of slaves in St. Louis took place on Jan.1 1861. A rowdy crowd of Republican "Wide Awakes" forced the sale to close. Slaves continued to be sold in the city discreetly with traders sending slaves to auctions in Kentucky. On March 1, 1864 General William Rosecrans ordered the sale practice stopped.
  • On October 29, 1864 at Fort No. 4 (near present day Lafayette Square) in St. Louis, six Confederate POWs, innocent of war crimes, were picked at random and ordered executed by firing squad by Gen. William Rosecrans. This was done in retaliation for six Union soldiers executed by Confederates at nearby Union, Missouri.  These six soldiers were then taken to Jefferson Barracks where they are now interred side by side.
  • While Gen. William T. Sherman and Missouri Union forces were participating in the "march to the sea" in late 1864, Gen. Sterling Price was marching his forces on a "Missouri raid" that came to within the outskirts of St. Louis (Gen. Sherman's hometown). The Price expedition covered 1,434 miles, included 43 battles/skirmishes; captured/paroled 3,000 Federal soldiers; captured 16 colors (flags); 18 pieces of artillery; and inflicted $10,000,000 worth of destruction. It was primarily a cavalry operation, considered by some to be the longest raid of the Civil War, although slower than a typical raid. Price's forces met disaster at Westport and Newtonia, Missouri and Mine Creek, Kansas. 
  • The largest cavalry battle west of the Mississippi occurred at Westport, Missouri. The battle, sometimes referred to as the "Gettysburg of the West," took place on  October 26-27, 1864. 
  • Missouri Union forces lost 3,317 killed/mortally wounded; 9,243 died of disease; 225 died as POW's; 487 deaths from accidents; 613 other non-battle deaths; total: 13,885 source: Dyer's Compendium.
  • 27,000 total Missouri citizens (Confederate and Union loyalties) are estimated to having been killed in the Civil War. 
  • Approximately one out of every 10 people in Missouri during the Civil War was a slave.
  • When Missouri slaves were emancipated in 1865 before the Civil War was over, it amounted to a $40,000,000 investment loss to Missouri slaveholders.
  • In the fall elections of 1864, the Republican Party won control of the Missouri state government. A new state constitution was drafted and a test oath administered. Those not taking the oath were to vacate all state offices, not allowed to vote, preach, or to teach school.  Missouri Supreme Court justices that objected to the unconstitutionality were evicted by force on May 1st, 1865. One of those barred from voting was Union Gen. Frank P. Blair, founder of the Missouri Republican party who refused to take the oath on grounds of principle.  In 1866, the U.S. Supreme Court declared the test oath was unconstitutional and by 1870 it was completely removed by voters of the state. 

Return to Rosecrans, Part 4. Civil War